Meet the animators – Sophie Marsh

Meet Sophie Marsh, a Bristol based stop-motion animator, specialising in the use of paper. Sophie has been part of the Calling the Shots cohort for some time and has worked with the BBC, Channel Four and Aardman. Most recently, Sophie partnered with us on the BBC Arts Animated Thinking series – a collection of short films exploring the latest ideas from Arts and Humanities researchers around the UK.

We caught up with her to find out about her experience working on the project. 

Tell us about your piece.

I worked on the short called Writing in the Shadows. It is about how publishing can help imprisoned people connect with the outside world. In Mexico, Cartonera publishers are working with women in Mexican prisons to help them publish their poetry and short stories. The project explores how publishing can help imprisoned people, giving them a platform to be heard and to connect with family and people outside of the prison.

Tell us about your creative animation process.

It started with a long conversation with the academics (Dr Lucy Bell from the University of Surrey and Dr Joey Whitfield from the University of Cardiff) and the Cartonera publishers involved in the project. They helped me to understand the tone of the project and what story they wanted to tell. From there I started drawing all the things that popped into my head, trying to find suitable images to capture the words. Once I had the drawings I started to link them together with the script to start creating a flow. I love animating with paper and for this project it seemed perfect as Cartonera publishing is all about using recycled materials.

What support did you get from Calling the Shots when making your film? 

There were a few rounds of feedback on the animatics which was very helpful and being able to link up directly (on Zoom) with everyone involved was infinitely useful.

What did you enjoy most about the project?

It was amazing to meet the people involved in such a wonderful project. I learnt so much about Cartonera publishing in prisons and about what great work the publishers and academics are doing.

What did you take away from the experience?

Each project I learn a lot about my process and craft. My previous films are quite nonsensical and this project challenged me to try something completely new. It’s been a real joy to work on a serious project that will hopefully share the ideas and the benefits of publishing in prisons. 

You can find out more about Sophie at

Follow her on Instagram: @sophiemakesbooks

Watch this space for more animator interviews throughout January.

Meet the animators – Laura-Beth Cowley

Meet Laura-Beth Cowley, a Bristol based creative working in the animation and research sector. Laura partnered with us on the BBC Arts Animated Thinking series – a collection of short films exploring the latest ideas from Arts and Humanities researchers around the UK.

We caught up with Laura to find out about her experience working on the project. 

Tell us about your piece. 

I worked on The Life and Times of a Witch Bottle, which was based on research by Professor Owen Davies , Dr Ceri Houlbrook (University of Hertfordshire) and Nigel Jeffries (MOLA). The film follows the journey of the bottle itself from its original creation and use as a vessel for transporting various fluids such as vinegar, cider and mercury to its final use as a witch bottle as a method of ‘counter magic’. I was aware of witches’ bottles and their use before the project, so was excited when I was told I’d be working on it.

Tell us about your creative animation process. 

The style of the film was something I had wanted to try for a long time; collage often lends itself to more non-fiction content and so this felt like a perfect opportunity to try it out. The whole film is made in After Effects – having a background in stop-motion, I tend to use After Effects as it feels the most similar to moving objects under a camera in that you can build rigs and puppets and animate them frame by frame.

So, I would gather together materials from various sites, clean them up in Photoshop and manipulate them if needed and once the scene was signed off, I would bring it into After Effects and lay it out and make sure all the moving points were correct before timing the movements to the audio track. It was quite a straightforward process, although keeping the images as high quality as possible almost broke my little old computer when trying to render, but we got there in the end.

The sheer volume of images needed to create the 12 scenes was crazy. With modern collage it’s all about balance and so it was a mix of finding images that represented what was actually being discussed and additional images that were decorative and either framed or otherwise balanced the scene. As much as possible, I tried to make the decorative element have hidden symbolic meaning. Like the flowers in the fireplace scene, toadflax represents protection and breaking of hexes and birdsfoot trefoil (which is also one of my favourite flowers) is symbolic of revenge. Also, many of the items in the ground when the bottle gets buried at the end were objects that have also been found or placed around homes to ward off evil spirits.

What support did you get from Calling the Shots when making the films? 

There are a lot of vintage etchings and drawings, as those are the gems in collage work that gives it the right look. So, finding ones that were available to use and would follow through multiple scenes and read as the same character, such as the Cunning Man, was tricky. Holly (Holly Churches, CTS Project Producer) and the folks at Calling the Shots were very good at making sure everything was clear for use and flagging up any potential issues. As well as supporting my nerdy desire to assign meaning to every element.

What did you enjoy most about the project?

I think the team did a really good job of assigning the various films to their makers. Having worked with Calling the Shots previously, they knew my fondness for all things witchcraft and folklore so it was a crazy exciting thing to be able to make a film for the BBC with the AHRC and get to work with Owen as he is a big deal in folklore circles, so it was like meeting celebrity for me. It’s always a pleasure working with Calling the Shots, they are very structured and will go the extra mile to help you get your vision across.

What did you take away from the experience?

A way of working that is time effective, new ways of documenting processes to help keep track of resources and belief in myself to pull a project together in a short turn around.

You can find out more about Laura at 

Follow her on Twitter: @lbcowley

Follow her on Instagram: @lbyellow

Watch this space for more animator interviews throughout January. 

Changing perceptions of cemeteries

Calling the Shots’ collaboration with the University of Bath, Arnos Vale Cemetery and the REACT programme at the Pervasive Media Studio in Bristol continues apace.

We’re currently in the process of consultation on ambitious plans to develop the “leading research and development centre for innovation and practice in death and remembrance”. The consultation, undertaken by Andrew Erskine and Tracey Gregory from the Tom Fleming Consultancy builds on the work of the Heritage Sandbox of July 2012, when four writers and four technologists and theatre practitioners took over Arnos Vale to explore and confront public attitudes to end of life…
Read more

When is good enough, good enough?

We’ve just been working with Cathy Poole from the Curzon Cinema in Clevedon for a third year on her Prince’s Foundation for Children and the Arts funded project that has allowed the Curzon to offer a programme of film literacy across North Somerset.

The project has seen groups of school children visiting the cinema, learning about film history, watching classic short films, and for 8 schools, working with CTS to produce short films.
Read more

Future Cemetery and virtual memorialisation

Calling the Shots is involved in the consultation phase of an interesting and far-reaching project, The Future Cemetery, that is looking into the future of death.

The project teams CTS with Arnos Vale Cemetery, the University Of Bath’s Centre for Death and Society and the Pervasive Media Studio. Future Cemetery producer and CTS producer, Jeremy Routledge, writes about the possible future of memorialisation…
Read more